¿Do you know diseases carried by mosquitoes?

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¿Do you know diseases carried by mosquitoes?

Considered one of the most dangerous creatures on the planet, kill more than one million people worldwide each year.

That is why we have compiled a list of five diseases that mosquitoes do twice before being allowed to be bitten by one of them passed.

Malaria
Malaria is caused by a parasite transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. After infection, parasites travel through the bloodstream to the liver, where they mature and release another form, called merozoites. The parasites enter the bloodstream and infect red blood cells. Since 2014 there have been more than 36,000 cases of US Virus. Of these, over 1,500 were fatal. Most cases are not diagnosed due to the similarity between this virus and other viruses.

Symptoms: fever, headache, body aches, rash, and swollen lymph nodes. Severe symptoms may include drowsiness, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions and paralysis.

Zika

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in macaques (Uganda, 1947), through a monitoring network of yellow fever. Later, in 1952, he was identified in humans in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. There have been outbreaks of this virus disease in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Pacífico. Since July 2016, there have been more than 400 cases of Zika related to travel in the United States. But in cases of transmission site.

Symptoms: Zika virus is a queue has been shown to cause microcephaly in unborn children at all stages of pregnancy. This is a birth defect characterized by small head size and brain damage.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya fever is a viral disease transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. It was first described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952. It is an RNA virus of the genus Alphavirus, family Togaviridae. “Chikungunya” is a voice Kimakonde language meaning “bend” referring to the stooped appearance of patients because of joint pain. This virus outbreaks have occurred in Florida.

Symptoms: fever, joint pain, muscle pain, joint swelling and rash.

Dengue

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has spread rapidly in all WHO regions in recent years. The dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly Aedes aegypti species and, to a lesser extent, A. albopictus. This virus is believed to infect up to 100 million people worldwide every year, but rarely occurs in the United States.

Symptoms: headache, fever, muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, and rash.

Encephalitis

This is a disease characterized by inflammation of the brain. Several mosquito with the name of encephalitis, such as Eastern equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, LaCrosse encephalitis and diseases.

Symptoms: The main symptom is inflammation of the brain, but may have other flu-like symptoms as well.